Sunday, June 5, 2011

Yemen: Saleh clan blamed

In the early days of protest Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh had thought to save time by excluding publicly, February 2, assuming a new candidate, the election of 2013, and a quasi-monarchical succession . "I am against a renewal of my mandate, and against the hereditary transmission of power", he had provided before a Parliament dominated by the presidential party.

Was reckoning without the frustration generated by the family clan in power, from the tribe Sanhan, the Confederation of Hached. Came to power in the Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) in 1978, president of unified Yemen since 1990, Saleh had already announced he would not stand in 1999 and 2006 before returning each time on his commitment.

Briefly MP, patron of the presidential guard and special forces, the president's son, Ahmed Ali Saleh, appeared in fact as a possible candidate to take over from his father when the time comes. In the late 2000s, the name of the soldier trained at the Military Academy in Tampa, United States, and Jordan appeared filigree to a study by the American firm McKinsey lists the ten priorities for Yemen coming decade.

Unpopular public opinion Yemeni, Ahmed Ali Saleh has also invested heavily in the economy, in key sectors of oil, gas, construction and tourism. The emergence of the president's son has been at the expense of Ali Mohsen Al-Ahmar, Speaker of the contemporary, often touted as one of his half-brothers as he did, however, no relationship with him.

This soldier, also present in the economy, leading the first division of the army in charge of the north-west. Among the relatives of the president, two nephews were also questioned by Yemeni opponents. First Yahya Saleh, head of the security central paramilitary force formed on the Egyptian model and responsible for maintaining order.

This function had been occupied by his father Mohammad, until his death in 2001. Has the United States and Iraq, a historic ally of Yemen, Yahya Saleh is also head of a group with interests in petroleum and electricity, according to Western sources converge. Its wingspan was safe in a privileged interlocutor of the United States, as shown by the diplomatic telegrams revealed by Wikileaks.

Yahya's brother, Ammar Saleh, deputy director of national security at its inception in 2002, completes the "young guard" whose positions are now being undermined by the turn taken by the dispute. Gilles Paris

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