Sunday, June 5, 2011

How the International Criminal Tribunal

Ratko Mladic appeared for the first time Friday, June 3 before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). The military leader of Bosnian Serbs is one of 161 people indicted by the tribunal based in The Hague, Netherlands. Duties and powers Created May 25, 1993, during the war in Bosnia, the UN resolution 827, the court's mission is to "bring to justice those responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law" committed since 1991 the territory of former Yugoslavia.

He can not sue a state and its remit includes four categories of crimes: grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 on the rules in the conduct of armed conflict, particularly vis-à-vis civilians and prisoners, violations of the laws or customs of war, genocide and crimes against humanity.

On this field of expertise, the ICTY has priority over national courts. 302 million budget and 988 employees in 2011, 988 people from 82 different nationalities working for the ICTY. They are divided into three clusters that make up the court, four bedrooms (three Trial Chambers and Appeals Chamber), Prosecutor's Office and the Registry.

For the year 2010-2011, the budget amounted to nearly $ 302 million (208 million). The court record: 126 cases closed and 35 ongoing proceedings launched the 161, 126 are closed. Thirteen suspects were brought before a national court. The Court has sentenced 64 people and acquitted 13 others.

As the former Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic, 16 people died before or after transfer to the court. The charges were dropped for 20 people. Finally, 35 procedures are underway, including those concerning Radovan Karadzic, the political leader of Bosnian Serbs, and Ratko Mladic. Fourteen people are in front of one of the three Trial Chambers of the ICTY that account and another 16 before the Appeals Chamber.

Three people are awaiting a new trial. The last case concerned Goran Hadzic. The former leader of Serbs in Croatia is still at large. The key sentences for the time being, Stanislav Galic was the only defendant to have been sentenced to life imprisonment in 2006. From 1992 to 1994, the General was the commander of the SRK of the Bosnian Serb army, which besieged Sarajevo.

He then set up a campaign of sniping and bombarbements the sole purpose of terrorizing the civilian population of the city. He is currently serving his sentence in Germany. Other penalties, less heavy, but important, were made. Goran Jelisic, who called himself the "Serb Adolf", was convicted in 1999 and is serving a sentence of forty years in prison in Italy.

In the early 1990s, he led the Luka camp in Brcko, and was convicted of 12 murders. Convicted in 2004 for complicity in genocide in the Srebrenica massacre, General Radislav Krstic was sentenced to a term of thirty-five years imprisonment. He was transferred to the United Kingdom in 2004.

Bbc. en

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