Sunday, April 10, 2011

50 years ago, the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann

When a team of Mossad, the Israeli secret service, captured May 11, 1960 Adolf Eichmann in Argentina in what remains the first great feat of arms of the Israeli secret service, no real measure of the role, yet little studied, administrator of the genocide of Jews played by former SS ObersturmbannfĂĽhrer.

The Eichmann trial opened in Jerusalem for a period of eight months. This is the first time since the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg in 1946, an important part is before the Nazi judges. Especially the first time that a Nazi official was held in Israel by those he sought to exterminate, forced to be accountable to any young Jewish state was born thirteen years earlier in 1948.

Over the weeks, where witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust coming, one after the other at the helm, the Eichmann trial takes another direction, unpredictable and critical. These victims have never, or very little about. For the first time an entire people began to listen. One of the aims of Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion, was to compare a young generation of Israelis, including some originating from Arab countries which she was evicted from 1945, knew nothing of Europe, The most tragic chapter in the history of the Jewish people.

Adolf Eichmann was sentenced to death December 15, 1961, the only penalty applied to Israel, and hanged on 1 June 1962. On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of this event, the Memorial of the Shoah has a special exhibition entitled "Judging Eichmann, Jerusalem, 1961, consisting of originals from the archives of the Memorial, which were supplied to the charge for trial, and as documents and original films lent by the Archives of the State of Israel: extracts from the preliminary interrogation and diaries of Adolf Eichmann in prison, sound recordings, photographs or reactions at the trial.

Excerpts of the correspondence of Hannah Arendt and David Ben Gurion, then Prime Minister and documents loaned by the Argentine government are also presented. This trial was the first filmed almost entirely and the second biggest trial in which cameras were allowed in a courtroom after Nuremberg.

In partnership with the Memorial of the Shoah, bbc. fr presents excerpts of this historic document. All the images of the trial, shot by Leo Hurwitz (about 250 hours) will be available throughout the duration of exposure. World Magazine dated April 9 (to be read in the Subscribers Area of the World.

En) says this trial through the eyes of what was then a young lawyer Robert Badinter. The man who secured the abolition of the death penalty in France has in fact attended the trial of Nazi war criminal. We also republish the article by Jean-Marc Théolleyre published in Le Monde, 12 April 1961.

Also read in Le Monde Magazine dated April 9 Nicolas Hulot, the solitary commitment. The presenter of "Ushuaia" enjoys immense popularity, but what are the reasons for his commitment? We met him in his lair Breton. Keiko Fujimori, the name of the father. At 35, she is a favorite for the presidential election in Peru.

Its advantage? His father, former head of state. His fault? He is in prison for twenty-five years. Ireland: idle dreams. For ten years, the "Celtic Tiger" has boosted the real estate credit. The crisis came, the empty lots scattered throughout the country. Kabylia goes to seed. Couscous Organic Sid Ali Lahlou has attracted gourmets from Algiers and elsewhere.

Maurizio Cattelan, the agitator. Interview with one of the most expensive artists in the world, around his latest creation: the journal Toilet Paper. Badinter, witness. In 1961, Adolf Eichmann was tried in Jerusalem. Robert Badinter was present at trial. We collected his memories, so that exposure to the Shoah Memorial in Paris, recounts the event.

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