Saturday, April 9, 2011

"I would like the EU to act always with the same brush"

Donald Tusk came in, smiling at the great hall of the Chancellery in Warsaw. It is an energetic man who is the love note to sports. Polish Prime Minister faces turning to its mandate. Sunday marks the first anniversary of Smolensk air disaster, which killed the then President Lech Kaczynski and numerous political figures in the front row and the country's military.

Poland, which has passed through the crisis without abandoning economic growth as some of its European partners into recession wrecked, still suffers from severe social inequalities. The liberal-conservative path Tusk believes that the road to equality with the great Europeans. With 38 million inhabitants, Poland in 2010 enjoyed a growth of 4% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Is expected to grow further in 2011. Poland will assume the rotating presidency of the European Union from 1 July. Its leaders plan to use it to put emphasis on cooperation with its eastern neighbors. On the streets of Warsaw, especially among young people, is perceived quite new optimism.

Tusk, prime minister since 2007, faced with pragmatism these crucial months leading up to the elections on 30 October. The Civic Platform party he leads in the polls leads to more conservative Law and Justice, Jaroslav Katzinski. On Wednesday, Tusk met with Le Monde, Der Spiegel, Gazeta Wyborcza, The Guardian and the country.

Question: When will mark the first anniversary of Smolensk How does it affect the political life of Poland? Answer: Smolensk still have an enormous influence on political life in Poland. The first consequence is mourning, because we lost there several dozen key people. A true national mourning and a state of tragic events.

The main thing was to ensure the continuity of Government and the State despite the gravity of the loss. Poland was also important to preserve the insecurity that could result in running out the President, the Polish central bank president and the chairmen of both houses of parliament ...

So we had to act cautiously but at the same time, with determination. I think we've made it through this critical period solidly. Q: What about relations with Russia? A: There was not to be deteriorate. Neither Russia nor in Poland have all been up to it. Despite those critical events and the fact that the Russian authorities have always reacted properly, we managed to improve these relations.

P: Jaroslav Kaczynski has been suggested that you are responsible for the accident. Do you think that these theories have any effect on this election? A: The events demonstrated the strength of the rule. When the opposition tries to create a climate of suspicion, it can only confirm that strength.

A fact like Smolensk public controversy unleashed in any country. Public opinion is divided and the opposition party is using it to attack the government. However, most Poles remain a rational attitude after the fact. Q: Why not Poland participated in the campaign in Libya? A: Poland participates in several missions with NATO and the EU.

We are committed in Afghanistan and Iraq. We are not fully convinced of the justification of military action in Libya. Not all arguments convince us there no shot Gadhafi to his people by March? Is the system in Bahrain is more lenient? I would like the EU to act always with the same brush.

The Poles do not need lessons about what it means to suffer a dictatorship. What we need is to unify our codes of conduct. Shares in Libya are justified by the brutality of Qaddafi, but we will not be to another example of European hypocrisy, considering how Qaddafi tried until recently? Q: Is not Europe is dividing and weakening the position of Poland? A: The French president, Nicolas Sarkozy was truly touched by the situation in Libya.

The question of hypocrisy concerns the whole of Europe, not its leaders. If we react well to a violation of human rights, we must always do the same. Not only when convenient or when there is oil involved. If you only do when he gives benefits when it is comfortable and holds no danger, we lose respect for ourselves.

Q: Regarding the euro: "Poland is not trying to board a ship that leaks? A: If life were that simple, all countries of the euro would leave you say that boat sinking. The euro is no impediment to ending the crisis. In Slovakia, for example, is doing quite well. We want the euro not only by the treaties we have signed, but because we are sure will benefit both Poland and the rest of Europe.

The ship's sinking is unfortunate metaphor: through a storm. Some may think best to escape from the ship in times of difficulty, but only a fool believes the euro is a guarantee against any crisis. More interesting is to see what countries have in common, with the euro or not, have coped well with the crisis, such as Germany, Sweden and Poland.

Q: When is the entry into the euro? A: There never was a very lively enthusiasm among Poles to enter the euro. Not when they see because they've gone to some countries during the crisis. There is a very rational skepticism. We want the euro, but we have no hurry. We anticipate that in 2015 will meet the Maastricht criteria.

And some countries do better than the euro. We must not exaggerate the positive effect of having the zloty during the crisis. We served on a point in time to prevent some speculation brutality against our currency. We can safely meet the criteria of the Pact for Competitiveness. Q: They say that you are angry with Merkel in February, when it negotiated the Covenant, and shouted, "Why do you want to divide Europe? It is humiliating!" Was your reaction to the two-speed Europe? A: If you mean the emotions that emerge from these words, I have.

But the words that I said yes. I am absolutely incapable of getting angry with Angela Merkel, but I am convinced that Europe can not be divided in different clubs. It is a mistake. P: Merkel herself described to you as a strong political, action. Shortness leadership in Europe? A: It gives to write a book.

For Poland it is important for Europe to regain faith in their own strength and their capabilities. This is not to establish a vanity fair for aspiring leader. Is key to presidency of Europe to move forward in their integration and to strengthen political cooperation. The EU is founded not only for the good times.

On the contrary: his great appeal lies in the principle of solidarity among all, which the new members seem to understand better than some veterans. Q: The European Union's attention is now focused on the Mediterranean. R: We can not ignore the most important challenges facing the EU are now in the south.

We will not close my eyes. But Africa should not block future expansion. We should not abandon negotiations. Do not see why Croatia is going to suffer the consequences of making Gaddafi. Nor should we abandon negotiations with Turkey. Many Europeans now live outside the boundaries of the EU.

So the partnership with the East will be key. Moldova is a great example of what can be achieved with little financial effort in a country of that region. Q: So Belarus and Ukraine are examples of what can go wrong? A: No. Imagine if you had said the same thing 30 years ago, when the Solidarity trade union was banned and declared a state of emergency in Poland.

Who do you think, so steep that in Iraq and Afghanistan can establish a Western-style democracy? If we act well, is much more likely to achieve in countries such as Moldova and Ukraine and the Balkans. Q: Poland has become a boring country in the best sense of the word? A: I have an aversion to the excessive ideological politics.

I prefer common sense. Poland proves that liberalism is a boring thousand times better than socialism or totalitarianism exciting right.

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