Saturday, April 9, 2011

Per Reidar holding elections in decades ms

The nearly 20 million Peruvians called the presidential elections this Sunday are divided between those who want the continuity of a model economy has soared since the nineties and better oiled benefit a larger number of people, and those who are tired of hope and believe that the country needs a radical twist because it will unfairly distributed wealth.

The polls open tomorrow at eight in the morning to choose a successor to President Alan García. Besides the president, two vice presidents will be chosen, 130 legislators and 15 representatives of the Andean Parliament. They are ballots that are presented as the most fiercely contested in recent decades with four candidates who have fought preferences in a bitter campaign filled with accusations and cheap shots.

The nationalist candidate Ollanta Humala, first in the polls to pass in the first round, according to recent surveys, focus that disgust and protest vote, while former President Alejandro Toledo and it was his economy minister, Pedro Pablo Kuczynsiki (PPK ) represent voter fears that Humala make the country back two decades.

In the middle appears Keiko Fujimori, daughter of Alberto Fujimori exmandatario, imprisoned for crimes against humanity. "Only if we win Keiko to a disaster," says the renowned analyst Julio Cotler, "because it would mean an embarrassment to Peru." An Ipsos Apoyo poll, released Thursday, puts Humala leads with 27.2% of voting intentions.

Fujimori appears in second with 20.5% of preferences. In third place is Toledo with 18.5%, followed closely by 18.1% Kuczynski. But nothing is said in Peru, where many voters make their decision at the last minute. In Peru, voting is compulsory and those who do not exercise is subject to fines.

Peruvian elections are also key to South America because again it appears the rivalry between the radical leftist model led by Venezuela's Hugo Chavez and Bolivia's Evo Morales, and the block that goes from the free market to Chile and Colombia Social of Brazil and Uruguay. The proposal Chavez in Venezuela is in crisis, recession and drench these days in Bolivia protests by social sectors once sympathetic to the government, "Humala has turned over his ultranationalist discourse of the 2006 campaign and is postulated as the Peruvian Lula .

To reinforce this image, the Brazilian president sent advisers and recommended the inclusion of moderate leftist political movement lists Earn Peru, formerly called the Partido Nacionalista Peruano. Smoothing Humala's speech, no candidate is proposing a radical change of economic model, mainly supported by mineral exports and an open policy to foreign investment.

The international market has closely followed the process because even though Peru is not the continent's largest economies, it is the second largest exporter of copper, silver first and fifth gold of the world. Copper is not as crucial as oil for the world economy, but it is not insignificant given their infinite applications, especially in technology.

For weeks there has been speculation Humala victory would lead to the nationalization of the mining sector and this, combined with the riots in the Middle East, will add volatility to the market of raw materials and hence the global economy. Since neither candidate is close to the coveted 50% required by Peruvian law to be crowned winner on Sunday will be a second round scheduled for 5 June.

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