Saturday, April 9, 2011

India, the activist Anna Hazare fast against corruption

Corruption in India is a serious matter. So much so that Anna Hazare, a popular 71enne activist who in 1992 was awarded by the Indian government with the Padma Bhushan for his service to the nation, fast from Tuesday, April 5. Until his death, unless the government decides to pass the Bill Jan Lokpal against corruption.

With the support of the stars of Bollywood and Tollywood, the second largest film industry in Andhra Pradesh. But fashion designers, pundits, gurus, activists and social reformers. Even the students are missing. Those of the College of Tirupathi Sree Vidyanikethan to support, today observed the "Mauna pradarshana", ie silence.

They also mobilized the Indians of New Jersey, United States, which on April 10 held a candlelight vigil and a peaceful demonstration in New York who wish to extend, with an assembly in front of the Indian Consulate. ! There is a page on Facebook India Against Corruption - New Jersey. Just ask any citizen, "what is the biggest problem in India?" And the answer is always the same: corruption.

On the political, bureaucratic, administrative. The same one that forces you to pay bakshish - in theory the charity, a duty for Muslims, or the loose change that urgently call for the poorest children in the street and that you leave a tip to the waiter or taxi driver. In practice, however, is the bakshish tow.

To do anything: to withdraw a certificate anagrafe, release practices for retirement, enroll their children in a good school, not to be ripped up a trunk to customs, get a table booked at the restaurant, go to driving school and exams so on. Or do not get arrested for no reason by a police officer who stops you on the street, even just a small tip and magically you're out of trouble.

So much so that in the autumn of 2010, the Central Vigilance Commission has submitted a project entitled "National Anti-Corruption Strategy". And he thought of establishing a free phone line to report instances of government corruption in India because there is a real culture of cross bakshish that spares no office, no religion, no social group.

Not even the ministers, bureaucrats and senior politicians. For this reason, Jan Lokpal Bill was never approved in the course of 42 years. In 1969 the law was passed in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament, but not to the Rajya Sabha, the Upper House. It was revived ten times. The last, in 2010, was rejected again, although the proposal had been heavily amended.

The latest version has been described by Pratap Bhanu Mehta, the Indian Express columnist and president of the Centre for Policy Research in Delhi, "based on the best institutional imagination is guilty of naivety, at worst it subverts the representative democracy." According to the latest amendments, the Bill Jan Lokpal it provides only an advisory body.

That no longer has the power to receive reports of corruption by ordinary citizens, can not begin the investigation or prosecution of bureaucrats and politicians without government permission and must send the results of any investigations authorized "competent authority". Regarding penalties for corrupt politicians recognized the prison is scheduled from 6 months to a maximum of 7 years.

Above all, the accumulated assets are not seized. In practice, after a short period in prison - a prison who probably does not affect their political power and is passed between the luxuries that you agree to the rich - the corrupt politician comes out and enjoys the riches. The famous case of Lalu Prasad Yadav, Prime Minister of Bihar from 1990 to 1997 and Minister of Railways, who was forced to resign in 1997 on charges of corruption scandal Fodder Sam, a affaruccio of almost $ 200 million.

The popular Lalu until 2005 continued to govern almost continuously from the prison by his wife Rabri Devi, three times prime minister of Bihar and a member of Parliament, a woman almost completely illiterate who claimed to have learned to govern by looking at the husband. In 2009, Lalu was re-elected in Parliament.

Against this state of affairs of the fast Kisan Baburao Hazare Bapat, known as Anna Hazare, has unified the hearts of the nation known as "the greatest democracy in the world." Last Wednesday, Sharad Pawar, Minister of Agriculture and Consumer Issues in Food and Public Distribution of the central government, has ostentatiously joined a commission on corruption when asked Hazare's credentials.

In response, Pawar said he did not wish to be part of the commission of inquiry. Since then, protests have been widespread throughout India and around 200 people joined the fast. The website for the right reasons Causes of activism and philanthropy. com page to support Hazare and stop the corruption has already seen nearly 53 thousand supporters, that is growing by about 4,500 per hour.

The solidarity Hazare has expanded like wildfire when they entered the field the most popular film stars, have always deployed in the political arena, sometimes in person, as in the case of the famous actor, director and producer Rama Rao . Hrithik Roshan, Vishal Bhardwaj and Amol Gupte Bollywood have joined the campaign Hazare.

Hrithik has also expressed his ideas on Twitter: "I support Anna Hazare. It is time to change. " The superstar Aamir Khan has written to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, asking him to take into proper consideration the demands of Hazare. Even famous directors such as Shekhar Kapur, Juhi Chawla and Anupam Kher have joined the campaign and Madhur Bhandarkar met him personally to express solidarity.

The chorus joined celebrities from the world of fashion as the famous fashion designer Ritu Kumar, who after the show the child to India Fashion Week, told reporters that corruption is the first problem of the country and measures should be taken very severe to eradicate it. The actor and director Amol Gupte, famous for his role as a corrupt politician in the film "rogue", said he had missed lunch in support of Hazare.

The director, writer and composer Vishal Bhardwaj said: "All the corrupt leaders should be thrown out. It's time for revolution. " And who knows where after there will be an Arab Spring Indian Spring.

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