Friday, April 1, 2011

Sarkozy calls for global reform in Japan's nuclear safety

French President Nicolas Sarkozy, was yesterday in Tokyo called for a comprehensive reform of the safety of nuclear plants, which should take place before the end of the year, in response to the nuclear crisis living Japan. "It is our duty to share our experience precisely with the rest of the world to prevent a recurrence of a similar accident happen," he said after talks with Japanese Prime Minister, Naoto Kan, who supported the initiative.

Sarkozy, who this year chairs the G-20, said France wants to organize in May in Paris a meeting of the nuclear charge of this group of countries to set new safety standards. "It is absolutely normal that there are no such international standards," said the president at the French Embassy in Tokyo shortly before meeting with Kan, reports France Presse.

Sarkozy was the first foreign leader to visit China since the earthquake and tsunami of March 11, that devastated the northeast coast of the archipelago and triggered the worst nuclear disaster affecting the world since Chernobyl (Ukraine, 1986). The Visit "solidarity with the Japanese people" the French leader has been accompanied by the secondment of experts from French nuclear company Areva to help Japanese technicians in the work of stabilizing the central Fukushima, which, experts say will probably take months.

Sarkozy's visit comes despite the fact that France was one of the first countries to ask their citizens to leave Tokyo and send planes to evacuate the nuclear crisis. In addition, Paris made evident to Japan from the beginning by saying that the disaster in Fukushima should be qualified with the sixth grade in the international scale of seven, instead of four, as he had described the nuclear security agency of Japan, later revised it to five.

France was the country also urged the Commission to monitor food imports from Japan to detect whether there were traces of radioactivity. Therefore, it is not surprising that Sarkozy has gone on in the few hours that remained in Tokyo to ease the discomfort Japanese. The French president said his visit was intended to show support for victims of the disaster, "help address this situation" and send a message of "calm and transparency to manage the crisis." Areva, whose president, Anne Lauvergeon, has also traveled to Tokyo, said it will provide all necessary technical assistance Tokyo Electric Power (TEPCO), the company that operates the plant in Fukushima.

France is one of the major nuclear powers in the world. Has the second highest number of plants after the United States, and 75% of its electrical energy source is nuclear. Japan, which gets 30% - is the third largest reactors, 55. Fukushima I have General Electric reactors, while Areva is the manufacturer of MOX fuel, a mixture of uranium and plutonium, used in reactor number 3.

Sarkozy insisted that nuclear power remains a viable energy source and said he believes that without it is impossible to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide, blamed for global warming. The earthquake and tsunami paralyzed Fukushima cooling system, causing overheating of the reactors, several explosions and fires, and the escape of radioactivity.

Emergency crews fighting since then to try to stabilize the nuclear plant and avoid a meltdown of the reactors, and have been sprayed with water to try to maintain central control temperatures. This has caused a lot of water with high levels of radioactivity, it is feared that ends in the sea.

The high levels of radiation found in the ocean near-atomic complex yesterday reached 4,385 times the legal limit, indicate that radiation is leaking continuously, although the Japanese nuclear safety agency said he does not know how. The International Atomic Energy Agency and the environmental organization Greenpeace has urged the Japanese government to extend the mandatory exclusion zone beyond 20 kilometers defined so far, because they have found high levels of radioactivity, even at 40 kilometers plant.

However, the government spokesman Yukio Edan, said authorities are continuously monitoring the data and so far it is not necessary. The government last week urged people living in the age between 20 and 30 kilometers from the central to the leave, but said it was a voluntary measure. More than 172,400 refugees still living in schools and government buildings, after losing their homes or being forced to abandon them in consequence of earthquake, tsunami or nuclear disaster.

A total of 11,438 people were killed and 16,541 remain missing following the earthquake and tidal wave, the worst natural disaster suffered by Japan since records began 140 years ago data. As expected, the traces of iodine and cesium emitted by Fukushima and can be detected, albeit at very low levels, throughout the northern hemisphere.

On day 26, the Spanish network remains Cáceres detected in emission from Fukushima.

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