Tuesday, April 12, 2011

Ouattara Gbagbo removed by force in Ivory Coast

"Do not kill me!" Were the first words of former Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo, as a member of the Republican Forces of Côte d'Ivoire (Frei), when the forces of Alassane Ouattara, who claims the presidency, "entered his residence in Abidjan, to end a decade of broken government. Twelve days of battle in the Ivorian financial capital led to the arrest of the president, in power since 2000.

Thus ended the conflict that began when Gbagbo refused to acknowledge his rival's election victory last November, despite being certified by the international community and refused to surrender straight months of bloody post-election crisis. The arrest came after a bombing campaign in France and forces of the United Nations Organization in Cote d'Ivoire (UNOCI), at the residence where he had barricaded Gbagbo.

The offensive line had the Security Council of the United Nations in resolution 1973 of March 31, which called for putting a stop to violence in the African country. The document also imposed sanctions against Gbagbo. Ouattara, internationally recognized president of Ivory Coast, announced the launch of a "judicial proceedings against Gbagbo, his wife" and their collaborators.

A "truth and reconciliation commission" should clarify the violations of human rights, all the crimes and massacres committed in the country in recent years. Gbagbo and weighed on a case in which critics accuse him of clinging to power, in part, to avoid prosecution by the ICC. The international court's prosecutor, Luis Moreno Ocampo, had already initiated a preliminary investigation of possible war crimes and crimes against humanity, which also include allegations against the forces that supported Ouattara.

The UN secretary general, Ban Ki-moon, speaking ahead of figures of over a thousand killed in the conflict. France and the UN have always insisted that his mission was to overthrow Laurent Gbagbo. At first, they said the arrest was produced by French special forces. Soon after, the French ambassador in Ivory Coast, Jean-Marc Simon, and the General Staff of France spoke against the information and insisted that the assault had been carried out by forces loyal to Ouattara.

The hue becomes important, since at any moment France has insisted that its military role in the conflict under UN authorization, was limited to protecting civilians liquidating, for that heavy weapons Gbagbo. However, French Defence Minister, Gerard Longuet, acknowledged in Paris that "the objective (set) by the international community was to make the elected president could preside." The French intervention, which has in Abidjan with 600 thousand soldiers, was decisive: French armored went, shortly before the assault, to Gbagbo's residence to facilitate the way for troops Ouattara.

(Gbagbo's arrest) sends a signal to all dictators that they can not ignore the voices of their people. There will be consequences if they cling to poderjefa of U.S. diplomacy. A former economist at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) 69, was elected president of the Ivory Coast in November.

To his enemies, "ADO" (Alassane Dramane Ouattara) is a "foreigner" and the mastermind of the rebellion of 2002 against the deposed president, Laurent Gbagbo. Of a family originally from the mainly Muslim north, Ouattara was subjected to throughout his career fractures of his country, between northerners and southerners, Muslims and Christians, foreigners and locals.

He was born on January 1, 1942 in Dimbokro (Centro) and attended most of his schooling in neighboring Burkina Faso. In 1967, he earned a Ph.D. in Economics in the United States and the following year began working on the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In 1983, he assumed the post of Deputy Governor of Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO).

Ouattara himself acknowledged having held official positions in Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), which fed the endless debate over his nationality. Ivorian President Felix Houphouet-Boigny named him prime minister in 1990 and held that position until the death of "Father of the Nation" in 1993.

In 1995 preferred choice away from the designated successor Henri Konan Bedié Houphouet, considering non-transparent. But supporters of Bedi, who feared his ambitions, conducted a national campaign to marginalize him, claiming it was of Burkinabe nationality. In 1999, Ouattara left his job as IMF's deputy managing director and returned to Abidjan with the intention of participating in the 2000 presidential election.

But the junta in power prevented it, saying it was "dubious nationality." Ouattara, who had married a Frenchwoman, Dominique Folloroux, thus became the embodiment of the identity crisis of the Ivory Coast, which was aggravated in 2002 by the division between the South loyal to the central and northern rebels.

In 2005, with support from South Africa, managed to register as a candidate for the presidential election, but she suffered several postponements. To achieve victory in November 2010, allied with his former enemy Bedié, but the crisis with Gbagbo plunged the country into renewed fighting revived the North-South rivalry.

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