Tuesday, April 12, 2011

Côte d'Ivoire, Gbagbo began after the arrest of an era of uncertainty

Image after the arrest of Laurent Gbagdo NEW YORK - The end of a nightmare, someone said. The beginning of an era of uncertainty, others might say. The disputed president of Côte d'Ivoire, Laurent Gbagbo, was arrested. The leader Alassane Ouattara is now considered the legitimate winner of last year's election.

Obama, my thoughts turned to the continent of his father, said that an African country "that is democratic and respects the rights of its people, will have a friend in the United States of America." So ended five months of tension and blood, opens a period with many unknowns. Gbagbo is a Christian, Muslim Ouattara.

The divisions - not only religious but also ethnic - will not be erased with the release of "tyrant." Indeed, the tensions could increase. Côte d'Ivoire, which gained independence in 1960, has been troubled by civil war, which erupted in 2002. The protagonists, then, were the same as today.

That war began because Ouattara was prevented from challenging Gbagbo in the presidential race. A referendum, held just for putting him, decided that this could only candidate who had both parents Ivorians. Ouattara's father was born in Burkina Faso. Gbagbo remained in power despite an attempt to topple him, he was tried while visiting Italy.

The country was divided between the rebel-held north and the south, the Abidjan port in the hands of government forces. Despite countless attempts to bring peace in Côte d'Ivoire, clashes and skirmishes continued. The Glass Palace decided to deploy UN peacekeepers, the mission UNOCHA. The fragile peace was a dream, saw the world in 2006, then on the Italian sample.

Ivorians stop the fighting because the national team failed to qualify. Did not last long. The tensions came up with the elections, postponed since 2005 continuously and finally held in 2010. Ouattara was able to present and win. Gbagbo did not accept defeat. Let's go back to current events, and the unknown future.

Guillaume Soro, the prime minister loyal to the new president, asked the opposing forces to unite in a great alliance, in a government of national unity, to avoid new divisions that could slip back to the Ivory Coast into the abyss. Obama, speaking from the United States, said that militia groups must leave their weapons, recognizing the regular army (which, perhaps, will be absorbed).

Militias loyal to Gbagbo could accept. But they could also sit resentment, pointing the finger at France, the former colonial power which has played a key role in this crisis. Ouattara has already helped to Paris during the civil war in 2002, then took refuge in the embassy to France to avoid the worst.

Yesterday Elisha helped him become the real president of a country emerging from a nightmare and goes, again, in an era of uncertainty. Matteo Bosco Bortolaso

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