Thursday, June 2, 2011

"With negotiations with Chile Piera have been most difficult"

"It is an unprecedented act that is a new experience for the world." Vice President of Bolivia, Álvaro García Linera (Cochabamba, 1962), explains in Madrid the next step towards what the government of Evo Morales called the "refound" the country: direct election by universal suffrage next October of 56 judges Constitutional Court, the Judicial Council and the Council Agroalimental.

A process carefully observed from the outside, where one side is recognized, as did United Nations, the opportunity to renew a paralyzed judicial system. But at the same time warn various dangers. Candidates will be given by the Parliament, government majority, and laws governing these elections has led to yet another confrontation with the media and press associations who accuse the government had slashed the freedom of the press.

"This is a judicial election and not a political choice and the Constitution provides that there can be no campaign. There may be information but not campaign," says García Linera, considered the ideologue of the process that lives Bolivia. "Congress passed a law that can not be propaganda but information.

And that some people interpreted as an attack on press freedom. The law established the difference between opinion and information, and President Morales even proposed a reform to enlarge the view. Candidates may be interviewed, but can not drive a TV or radio. A candidate can say in the Constitution but not on another candidate.

This seems sensible. "This mathematician by training, former guerrilla member of the Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army, believes that the political opposition has taken refuge in the media." The conservatives out of power have become entrenched and some media have become podiums policies. An example of how far things.

Two months ago, half reported that the presidential plane had been arrested for carrying drugs. I guarantee that if that happens in the U.S. responsible for this medium would be in Guantanamo dragging chains. Usually calling insults the president incompetent, ignorant, good for nothing ...

We call on self-regulation for fair information and education. "Institutional transformation in full by the Bolivian Government has been launched to play the card of foreign proceedings with the announcement that next Tuesday will present to the Organization of American States a claim against Chile demanding that landlocked Bolivia lost in the Pacific War in 1879.

"With [Chilean President Sebastián] Piñera things have become more difficult," says García Linera, who justifies this diplomatic offensive. "Before the agenda was being fulfilled systematically and gradually ascending and Piñera this agenda has stopped," he said. Bolivia and the U.S. The arrival of Evo Morales to power in January 2006 was, among other things, a repositioning of Bolivia on the international map with two movements.

The nationalization of natural resources on the one hand, and the deterioration of relations with the United States in parallel with the alliance with Venezuela's Hugo Chávez, on the other. On the former, Bolivia wants, after the tumult of nationalizations and the renegotiation of contracts with multinational companies, including Repsol, attract foreign investment, especially when aid and trade agreements with the U.S.

have been drastically reduced or canceled because of friction between both countries. La Paz in 2008 expelled the U.S. ambassador. "We are friends of everyone, but the U.S. does not understand that and when we believe the Government could be facing a group of people tolerant and passive intrusions.

We need the world's biggest market but do not want interference in our political life" says García Linera, who remembers the cancellation of a preferential agreement on the part of Washington "left hanging thousands of small producers." La Paz stands between U.S. pressure blocking economic aid call MCA to build infrastructure and the decline from 132 million dollars annually to combat the drug trade to 10 million.

Bolivian Vice President's words detailing things have not improved with the arrival of the Obama to the White House. "We do not seek a confrontation with the U.S., we want to let us govern ourselves. If that happened our relationship would jump at a level of absolute brotherhood but the U.S.

maintains an attitude of interference and political blackmail. Now we are negotiating an agreement. Hopefully can leave. " The U.S. gap has been covered by the Venezuela of Hugo Chavez, but Garcia Linera argues that the approach to longstanding Caracas. "Venezuela has always had a generous attitude toward Bolivia.

And this link has been strengthened. Our lack of gasoline and diesel products covered it with Venezuela, we have replaced markets were closed in the U.S. by Venezuela, the project meets Evo has been maintained for all these acts. A few hours ago has opened a military base and ALBA is building a continental defense strategy.

Bolivian Seafarer forming in Venezuela, "said Bolivian Vice President, which provides a smaller presence of Chavez in Bolivia in the coming months due to elections in both countries.

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