Thursday, June 2, 2011

Both sides accused of war crimes in Libya

A fact-finding mission of the Council of Human Rights the UN said they found evidence of war crimes committed by security forces and rebels Gaddafi in Libya. "The commission has concluded that crimes against humanity and war crimes were committed by government forces in Libya," said Wednesday the Council in a statement.

"The commission has received less [items] that constitute international crimes by the forces of opposition." However, the side of the rebellion, the commission said it had "found a few acts that constitute war crimes" in particular cases of "torture and other forms of inhuman and degrading".

The report of the FFM is based on interviews with 350 people across the country, thousands of pages of documents and photos and hundreds of videos. Experts have examined allegations of excessive use of force, extrajudicial killings, torture, sexual violence, attacks against civilians, use of child soldiers, or restrictions on freedom of expression.

"The mission expressed its concern about such violations from both conflicting parties, urging them to respect fully human rights and international humanitarian law," said the Geneva Forum, which brings together 47 countries. Citing estimates from Tripoli, Benghazi and NGOs, the committee believes that the violence is between "10,000 and 15,000 dead" since the beginning of the revolt in mid-February.

Besides the casualties, the conflict has pushed 893,000 people, mostly migrant workers to flee the country, the UN says. NATO conducted further raids early Thursday in Tripoli. Six powerful explosions were felt to 0 h 35, followed by several minutes later in the capital, target of intensive NATO raids for nearly ten days.

Yet despite more than 9000 outlets aircraft, including nearly 3500 with a goal of striking, the conflict seems to be sinking. According to a breakdown of the regime in Tripoli, raids were 718 dead and 4067 injured civilians between March 19 and May 26 In Benghazi, "capital" of the insurgency, a bomb ripped through two cars in the parking lot of a large hotel hosting diplomats, journalists and opposition leaders, causing no casualties.

It was in this hotel that the Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini, said Tuesday that Mr. Qaddafi's regime was "finished", providing full support to the National Transitional Council (CNT), political arm of the rebellion . The NLC has condemned the bombing, which he attributed to the regime of Muammar Gaddafi.

Wednesday, Malta joined France, Italy, the United Kingdom, Qatar, Gambia, and Jordan by announcing that he considered the CNT as "the sole legitimate representative of the Libyan people." Meanwhile, the Tripoli regime has continued to erode, with the announcement of the defection of the oil minister, Shukri Ghanem, who said Wednesday in Rome have "left his country" to join the rebellion and "fight for a state democratic ", according to Italian news agency Ansa.

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