Wednesday, March 30, 2011

Elections in Canada, since 2004 nobody wins

"Come to Canada to see the government fall." The old adage that in the twentieth century was true in Italy seems to be updated. The country of the maple leaf, in fact, a member of the G7 and the second largest country in the world after Russia, has just opened his fourth campaign for the vote early confederation, which will be held on May 2.

The problem since 2004, is always the same: nobody wins. Or rather, the party comes first (since 2004 when it fell to the Liberals and the Conservatives twice) fails to achieve "quota 155" seats, that is the majority of the House of Commons, which is the only elective chamber Parliament in Ottawa.

A real blow to supporters of the "Westminster model", ie that form of government in London invented parliamentary democracy based on majority system in single-shift: for each board, the various parties present a single candidate linked to them, and won the seat goes to sit in Parliament that he or she takes one more vote than others.

Several political scientists have criticized this system for its lack of democratic representation, but the tendency to exalt the ability to create stable governments. Trend, in fact, as shown by the confederal elections of 2004, 2006, 2008, which led to unstable minority governments. Moreover, surveys reveal that the forthcoming elections could touch the Conservatives a minority government for the third time, and always led by outgoing Prime Minister, Stephen Harper.

The interesting aspect of the Canadian system is that this is one of the most rigid systems of Westminster, which is one of those where the more you try to respect the customs of the law. It means that the idea of a coalition government between different parties has lived badly, in general, the electorate and also from various Canadian constitutionalists.

Even on the days in London, the home of the Westminster system, cohabiting in a coalition government between Conservatives and LibDem (which was not happened since the days of Churchill), here in Ottawa in front of their noses to the hypothesis that the leaders of Liberal Party and Block NeoDemocratico Quebecers (or only the first two) may form a coalition government even before the elections and as such present to vote.

He explained a good background of the Globe and Mail, Canada's largest newspaper, which said: "Canadians more vote for a leader rated as fair to hold the office of prime minister, not a party, a coalition of parties that are not arrived first, but second or third, it would be seen as a coalition of all the losers, and therefore as something anti-democratic.

" This consideration has prompted the leader of the Liberals, Michael Ignatieff, to exclude, for the moment the intention of forming a coalition government with anybody. Finally, a couple of interesting tidbits about the form of Canadian government: there is also a Senate, but is appointed by the government and monarchy and has only a partial power to veto laws passed by the House of Commons.

Fact that not everyone knows, the Canadian monarch is Queen of England, represented in Ottawa by the Governor General, who is now a white man and old, His Excellency the Right Honourable David Lloyd Johnston, but to witness the beautiful "mosaic" multiracial Canadian, until last October, the office was covered with a black woman of Haitian origin, fled to Canada in 1968, the journalist Michaelle Jean.

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