Friday, August 5, 2011

The Security Council UN condemns repression in Syria

Unable to agree on a draft resolution, the fifteen members of the Security Council finally adopted the UN, Wednesday, Aug. 3, after two days of intense discussions, a simple statement condemning the use of force against civilians by the Syrian authorities (lirele text of the statement). In this document, the Security Council "condemn" the violent repression of demonstrations by the Syrian authorities and advocates that officials "accountable." This is the first time the Security Council talks about Syria since the protests began in the country March 15.

France has once hailed "a turning point in the attitude of the international community." A draft resolution, a more restrictive statement, introduced by Britain, France, Germany, Portugal, and supported by the United States, has faced the threat of veto from Russia and China, which in turn supported by several other countries.

But the worsening violence has finally convinced the Council to take a stand. Europeans have therefore accepted the opportunity Tuesday evening to come to adopt a presidential statement, as claimed by the Russians and Chinese. Before the eruption of violence that took place in Syria during the weekend, Russia, China and a group of other countries had blocked any action to the Council, fearing that this does military intervention, as Libya.

The reports of tanks surrounding Government Hama, a stronghold of the dispute, finally pushed in the direction of an agreement. The latest changes in the wording of the text have led Russia to withdraw its objections, his ambassador, Vitaly Churkin, saying the new version of "balanced".

Lebanon, non-permanent member of the Council, dissociated itself from the statement not to block the adoption of the text. Unlike a resolution, which requires nine votes out of 15 without a veto, a statement from the presidency presupposes a unanimous vote. Its political impact is less, but the weight of the required unanimity can make the difference.

The reaction of Beirut was one of the most anticipated in New York. Lebanon, the only Arab country to serve on the Council, and geostrategic reasons obvious has always been very cautious on the Syrian track, said at these meetings that he had been "listening mode". The text calls for "an immediate end to all violence." It no longer refers to a survey by the Council for Human Rights on the UN crackdown since March by the Syrian government, which would have made some 1600 deaths.

But it calls "the Syrian authorities to fully respect human rights and their obligations under international law," adding that "those responsible for violence accountable." The draft Declaration "takes note" also promises reform of President Bashar Al-Assad, "regrets the lack of progress in the implementation of these commitments and calls on the Syrian government to respect them." During the discussions, Russia and other countries had insisted that the violence of the demonstrators was to be sentenced in the same terms as that of the security forces.

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